Myths and Facts about Feminism

Myths and Facts about Feminism

The feminist movement (feminism) refers to a series of political campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, women’s suffrage, sexual harassment, and sexual violence

  • In the 1990s, the pop group the Spice Girls introduced the phenomenon of “Girl Power,” which assumed that women could use society’s expectations of female behavior to manipulate patriarchy and achieve success through female bonding.
  • In Britain, the sculptor Allen Jones became the target of feminist attacks for his series “Women as Furniture,” which depicted women with fetishized bodies used as supports for coffee tables.
  • Some feminist artists, such as Angela Carter (1940–1992) use grotesque imagery in their art to expose and critique acceptable images of the “feminine body.”
  • Some feminists, including bell hooks, argue that men’s liberation should be included in the aims of feminism because men have also been harmed by traditional gender roles.
  • Major feminist theorists include Mary Wollstonecraft, Simone de Beauvoir, Betty Friedan, Shulamith Firestone, Gloria Steinem, Angela Davis, Gloria Watkins (pen name bell hooks), Gerda Lerner, and Judith Butler.
  • In 1950, women comprised less than 2% of the U.S. military. Currently, about 14% of active members in the U.S armed forces are women.

 

women are not allowed

 

  • Approximately 1.2 million children worldwide are victims of human trafficking, and over 80% are girls.
  • Women hold the two highest IQ scores ever recorded.
  • The first woman to run and finish the Boston Marathon was Roberta Gibb in 1966. However, because women were not allowed to officially enter the race until 1972, she did not get credit for it.
  • The U.S. Congress places in the bottom half of national governments around the world in terms of women members.
  • Fifty-two countries have had a female head of state over the past 50 years, including India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Liberia, and China. However, the United States is among those who never have.
  • American women are twice as likely as men to retire in poverty.
  • An 1837 book titled Exercise for Ladies advised women to avoid horseback riding because it deforms the lower part of the body. The book was just one of many during the Victorian era that argued that women should avoid doing strenuous type of exertion or exercise.
  • The world’s first novel, The Tale of the Genji, was published by a woman, Murasaki Shikibu, in the early 11th century.
  • Women are more likely to get a high school diploma than men. In addition, over 60% of college degrees in the United States are awarded to women.

The term “feminism” appeared in the English language in the 1890s, though women’s conscious struggle against discrimination

 

 

  • The first woman to receive a Pulitzer Prize was Edith Wharton in 1921 for her novel The Age of Innocence.
  • The only woman to win two Nobel prizes was Marie Curie (1867–1934). Her first award was for physics and her second was for chemistry.[1]
  • In Saudi Arabia, women are not allowed to drive. However, Saudi women are currently challenging this law.
  • In 1777, 16-year-old Sybil Ludington became a heroine of the American Revolutionary War when she rode her horse, Star, to warn the American colonial forces that the British were approaching. She rode over 40 miles in the dark (more than twice the distance of Paul Revere).
  • In Yemen, women are not allowed to leave their house without their husbands.
  • Abolitionists Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815–1902) and Lucretia Mott (1793–1880) launched a national movement for women’s right in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848. Along with Susan B. Anthony (1820–1906), they devoted their lives to fight for women’s suffrage. Finally, after a 70-year battle, the 19th Amendment was finally ratified on August 18, 1920.
  • Wyoming was the first state in the United States to grant voting rights to women. It was also the first state to elect a female governor.

 

Women are responsible for up to 2/3 of global working hours

 

  • Hatshepsut (1508–1458 B.C.) was one of the most powerful, productive, and successful women in the ancient world. She reigned for over 20 years, though her images were later defaced on temples and inscriptions, most likely as an attempt to erase her from history.
  • The first woman in the modern era to rule a country as an elected leader was Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Sri Lanka, who was elected prime minister in 1960 and then later reelected in 1970.[1]
  • The first woman to run for U.S. president was Victoria Woodhull (1838–1927). She ran for office in 1872 under the National Woman’s Suffrage Association. While women were not able to vote, there were no laws prohibiting them from running for office.
  • The first country to grant women the right to vote in the modern era was New Zealand in 1893.
  • In 1770, the British Parliament proposed a bill that women using makeup should be punished for witchcraft.
  • Birth control activist Margaret Sanger was arrested in 1916 for distributing information on contraception at her birth control clinic (the first in the U.S.). Birth control is still a controversial topic, with some groups continuing to ban it.
  • In Ecuador, abortion is illegal unless you are “demented” or an “idiot.” Additionally, the law is often used to criminalize miscarriages.
  • In Saudi Arabia and Morocco, rape victims can be charged with a crime, such as engaging in illicit sex. Tragically, a 16-year-old girl in Morocco killed herself after a judge forced her to marry her rapist under a law that dismisses rape charges if the parties marry.
  • In 2014, an estimated 14 million girls worldwide, some as young as 8 years old, were married.

 

The feminist movement

 

  • Women have invented several important technologies, including the windshield wiper, industrial lathes, Liquid Paper, bras, nonreflective glass, the dishwasher, disposable diapers, petroleum refining methods, and much more.
  • Amelia Jenks Bloomer (1818–1894) was an active member of the suffrage movement in the United States throughout her life and helped popularize the Turkish style of pantaloons in the 1850s that took on her name (bloomers).
  • The first woman to lead an Islamic nation was Benazir Bhutto who, in 1988 at the age 35, became the first and only prime minister of Pakistan. She was assassinated in 2007 by a car bomb after leaving a political rally. In 2008, she was one of seven people awarded the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights.
  • The feminist movement is usually categorized into three waves. The First Wave begins with the suffragette movement and the struggle for extending the right to vote to women in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The Second Wave spans the mid 1960s through the late 1970s, with debates about abortion and equal pay. The Third Wave began in the early 1990s and is associated with the emergence of alternative feminisms, such as queer and nonwhite feminism.