One of the following situations can occur while in a bear country. This suggested behavior is generally recommended, but, of course, there is no guarantee that you will avoid accidents. The most important thing to remember when finding a calm bear, gives the bear a chance to know that you are not hostile.
Do not run. Bears can run faster than 30 miles (50K) per hour – faster than Olympic runners. Running can lead to a pursuit response from a non-aggressive bear.
If the bear doesn’t notice you, walk quickly and quietly away from him. Give the bear plenty of space, let him continue to be undisturbed.
If the bear realizes you but hasn’t acted aggressively, back down slowly, take a calm and firm voice while slowly waving. Bears standing with their hind legs usually only try to identify you, and are not threatening.
Do not run; don’t drop your package. One pack can help protect your body in the event of an attack. Dropping packages can encourage bears to approach people for food. Bears occasionally make ‘bluff accusations’, sometimes up to ten feet a person and before stopping or turning. Stand still until the bear stops and moves away, then slowly retreats. Climbing trees will not protect you from black bears, and may not provide protection from bear grizzlies.
If the grizzly bear is really in contact with you, curl up in a ball, protect your stomach and neck, and play dead. However, if the attack is prolonged, change tactics and retaliate violently. If it’s a black bear, don’t play dead; immediately reply.